Every summer, many RVers and tent campers escape the hustle and bustle of city life by relaxing in the great outdoors.
Following are several basic campfire safety rules to ensure the preservation of our natural resources for generations to come.
A campfire built without safe clearance or carelessly abandoned can turn a small fire into a dangerous and fast-moving blaze. Be sure to build your campfire in a way that does not endanger other campers or the surrounding forest.
Check with local authorities on open-air burning restrictions and fire bans in the area.
Building the Campfire
ALWAYS build your campfire downwind from your RV or tent in an area that is clear of vegetation.
Build the campfire in a level, open location where it will not spread. Make certain that the campfire is well away from logs, brush, dry grass, leaves, needles, overhanging tree branches, or any other combustible material.
Clear an area at least 10 feet in diameter. Scrape away grass, leaves, or needles down to soil or rock. Scoop a depression in the center of the cleared area in which to build the fire and put a ring of rocks around it.
NEVER build a campfire on a windy day—sparks or embers from the fire could travel quite a distance setting an unintentional fire.
While the Campfire is Burning
NEVER leave a campfire unattended—ensure that a responsible adult is monitoring the campfire at all times. Supervise children around the campfire at all times and NEVER allow horseplay near or involving the campfire, such as jumping over the fire.
Keep campfires to a small, manageable size no more than 3 feet in height and 3 feet in diameter.
Keep all combustible materials, including flammable liquids, propane cylinders, and lighting fluid away from the campfire.
Watch the wind direction to ensure sparks aren’t approaching any flammable materials. Stack extra wood upwind and away from the campfire so that sparks from the campfire cannot ignite your woodpile.
ALWAYS keep plenty of water and a shovel nearby.
Extinguished the fire completely before going to bed or leaving the camping area.
Teach children how to STOP, DROP, and ROLL should their clothing catch on fire. Teach children to cool a burn with cool running water for 3 to 5 minutes.
Be aware that as little as one second contact with a 158-degree F campfire can cause third degree, full thickness burns. The average campfire can get as hot as 932 degrees F in as little as three hours.
The majority of children are burned the morning after a fire from coming into contact with hot ashes or embers.
A campfire left to burn itself out or put out with sand only can still be 212 degrees F eight hours later. The buried coals and embers retain their heat underground like an oven. There is also a risk that the fire may spontaneously re-ignite. A child may mistake the pile of sand or dirt as a sand castle and attempt to play in it.
The temperature, less than four inches below the surface of the sand or dirt can be as high as 572 degrees F.
Completely Extinguish the Campfire
Fully extinguish the fire by pouring lots of water on the fire. Drown all embers, not just the red ones, continue to pour water until hissing sound stops.
After carefully putting the campfire out using water, stir the campfire ashes and embers with a shove and douse again with water.
As an added precaution, shovel sand or dirt to cover the dampened coals to smother any remaining embers.
Use the “drown, stir, and feel” method: drown the fire with water, then stir around the fire area with your shovel to wet any remaining embers and ash. Be sure to turn wood and coals over and wet all sides. Move some dirt onto the fire site and mix thoroughly to fully smother it.
And one last thing, if it’s too hot to touch, it’s too hot to leave!
Only you can prevent wildfires.
—Smoky the Bear