Millions of RV and camping enthusiasts are hitting the highways and byways of the U.S. and Canada this summer, many for the first time. And as more people join the RV lifestyle, it is increasingly important that RVers take the time to understand ways to safely enjoy these fun but challenging recreational vehicles.
Here’s how to stay safe on the road and avoid accidents that may take you off the road for costly and time-consuming repairs—and raise your insurance premiums.
Always do a pre-drive safety check.
A “walk-around” visual inspection can save your life.
Make sure bay doors are closed and secured.
Double-check tow bar and safety cables.
Disconnect all power, cable TV, phone, water, and sewer hoses.
Retract jacks, steps, and awnings.
Look under the rig for signs of fluid leaks.
Do a signal lights, brake lights, head lights check prior to departure.
Check oil, transmission, and coolant levels.
Check the propane tank for leaks and intake/exhaust lines for blockages.
Check tire inflation pressure and examine tread wear.
Make sure carbon monoxide, smoke, and LP gas (propane) detectors are operational.
Check your surroundings (weather, overhangs, and ground hazards).
Turn LP gas (propane) OFF at the tank when traveling.
Never refill propane tanks with appliances or engine running.
Avoid refrigerator fires. Have your propane tank regularly checked by a certified dealer to ensure lines are in good operating condition and not leaking.
Follow the Rule of 20 Percent. Fully loaded rigs have slower acceleration and take longer to stop than cars. To compensate, add 20 percent to everything you do, from increasing your following distance, to judging if you have enough clearance, to safely merging into traffic.
Protect yourself from blowouts. Blowouts count for the majority of RV insurance claims. They’re caused by improper inflation, worn tread, an overloaded/overweight vehicle, and aged-out tires. To avoid cracking, regularly wash your tires with mild soap, water, and a soft brush. To prevent UV damage, keep your tires covered when you’re not driving.
Under- and over-inflation can both lead to blowouts. Check the inflation pressure on your tires at least once a month and always before a trip. Do this when tires are cold, since heat from driving temporarily increases air pressure. Never remove air from a hot tire. It can create dangerous under-inflation when the tire cools.
Check the age stamp on the tire and replace when 7 years old, no matter the condition of the tire.
Practice S.A.F.E. cornering:
- Slowly approach the turn.
- Arc the turn. Be careful not to start by swinging in the opposite direction, which can confuse drivers behind you.
- Finish your turn completely. Don’t straighten the wheel before the back of the vehicle has cleared the pivot point.
- Experience is key. Practice, practice, practice.
Know your height. Believe it or not, hitting bridges and overhangs is one of the most common RV accidents. Know your exact clearance and write it on a sticky note on your dashboard. Speaking of measurement, most RVs are 8.5 feet wide and the average highway, about 10 feet. That gives you only a foot and a half of wiggle room.
If you feel your front wheel slipping off the road into a rut, take your foot off the gas and gently brake. Jamming the brakes can get you deeper into the rut. Keep steering your RV forward. Once you’ve slowed down, gently turn to the left and ease out of the rut slowly. If you overcorrect by jerking the wheel left, you might jackknife.
Always back in to tight places, and pull out facing forward.
Remember, safety is no accident.