In a recent article I reported that the National Park Service Office of Public Health confirmed that two people had died of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and a third and probably fourth case was discovered in individuals who camped at California’s Yosemite National Park during the summer.
The park has seen two other cases of the hantavirus in a more remote area in 2000 and 2010, but this year’s deaths were the first.
It is now known that thousands of people could be at risk from the outbreak of this deadly virus which is thought to have been caused by mice nesting in the insulation of “Signature” tent-style cabins in Yosemite’s popular Curry Village camping area.
Deer mice which carry the disease can burrow through holes the size of pencil erasers, nesting between the double walls.
About 10,000 visitors stayed at the campsite from June 10 through August 24, 2012 and could be at risk of contracting the virus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said.
The CDC added that they were looking into suspected cases of the disease in “multiple health jurisdictions”.
They also urged lab testing of patients who exhibit symptoms consistent with this lung disease and recommend that Doctors report diagnosed cases of Hantavirus to local health authorities.
Earlier this week, park officials closed all 91 “signature” cabins.
A park spokesperson indicated that the outbreak of the virus has not led to a wave of cancellations of other facilities in the national park.
Nearly 4 million people visit Yosemite, one of the nation’s most popular national parks, each year, attracted by its dramatic scenery and hiking trails. Roughly 70 percent of those visitors congregate in Yosemite Valley, where Curry Village is located.
The park has contacted about 3,000 groups of visitors warning them to seek medical advice if they experience hantavirus symptoms.
The virus starts out causing flu-like symptoms, including headache, fever, muscle ache, shortness of breath, and cough; and can lead to extreme breathing difficulties and death.
The incubation period for the virus is typically two to four weeks after exposure, the CDC said, with a range between a few days and six weeks. Just over a third of cases are fatal.
Although there is no cure for hantavirus, which has never been known to be transmitted between humans, treatment after early detection through blood tests can save lives.
“Early medical attention and diagnosis of hantavirus are critical,” Yosemite superintendent Don Neubacher stated.
“We urge anyone who may have been exposed to the infection to see their doctor at the first sign of symptoms and to advise them of the potential of hantavirus.”
Yosemite spokeswoman Kari Cobb said rangers have answered some 1,500 phone calls from park visitors and others concerned about the disease.
A national park spokesperson indicated that public health officials warned the park twice before about hantavirus after it struck visitors. But it was not until this week that the hiding place for the deer mice carrying the virus was found.
Hantavirus is carried in rodent feces, urine and saliva, which dries out and mixes with dust that can be inhaled by humans, especially in small, confined spaces with poor ventilation.
People can also be infected by eating contaminated food, touching contaminated surfaces, or being bitten by infected rodents.
Four other cases of Hantavirus, a rare lung disease, have been reported.
When people are in wilderness areas or places that harbor mice, individuals can take the following steps to prevent HPS:
- Avoid areas, especially indoors, where wild rodents are likely to have been present
- Keep food in tightly sealed containers and store away from rodents
- When cleaning an area, open windows to air out at least two hours before entering taking care not to stir up dust
- Wear plastic gloves and spray areas contaminated with rodent droppings and urine with a 10 percent bleach solution or other household disinfectants and wait at least 15 minutes before cleaning the area
- Place the waste in double plastic bags, each tightly sealed, and discard in the trash and wash hands thoroughly
For additional information on preventing HPS, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Hantavirus Web site page.
Adventure without risk is Disneyland.